High blood pressure in the lungs is called pulmonary hypertension (PH).
PH is a chronic and life-changing disease that can lead to right heart failure if left untreated. PH patients experience symptoms such as shortness of breath, dizziness and fatigue. The severity of these symptoms usually correlates with progression of the disease. In advanced PH, minimal activity may produce some or all of these symptoms. Patients with advanced stage PH may also experience irregular heartbeat, a racing pulse (tachycardia), fainting (syncope), and difficulty of breathing at rest.
Management of pulmonary hypertension
Although there is currently no cure for pulmonary hypertension, treatment options include orally, inhaled, intravenously (into the vein), or subcutaneously (under the skin) administered drugs. Depending on the severity of the disease, combination therapy with multiple drugs is used. In advanced stages of PH, the effectiveness of drugs declines and heart lung transplantation remains the only option. However, a limited supply of donor organs and challenges in finding matching donors means long waiting periods. Overall, PH patients suffer from a significantly reduced quality of life.
For additional information on PH or its treatment options, please consult with a physician.